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BLS - Brethren Lantern Slides

Brethren Lantern Slides

Reference Number(s) GB 133 BLS
Held at The University of Manchester, The John Rylands University Library Contact Details
Dates of Creation n.d. [19--?]
Physical Description 100 items Lantern Slides Some of slides are cracked and others broken.
Name of Creator Plymouth Brethren
Language of Material English
Location Collection available at the University Archive and Records Centre, Main Library.
Cataloguing Info [ hide ]
Title Brethren Lantern Slides
Author Finding aid compiled by Carly Morel.
Publication The John Rylands Library
150 Deansgate,, Manchester, M3 3EH, England, tel.: +44 (0)161 275 3764, fax: +44 (0)161 834 5574,

©The University of Manchester

2010
Edition 1st edition
Creation Finding aid encoded in EAD 2002 by Carly Morel using Oxygen XML Editor v.9.0November 2009
Descriptive Rules Finding aid compiled according to JRUL's Guide to the listing of archives (3rd edition, 2004), which is based on the General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD(G)), second edition.
Language Usage Finding aid written in English.

Scope and Content

The collection is composed of 100 lantern slides that depict missionary activity from around the world. Places depicted in these slides include Africa, India, Russia, Iraq, Jamaica, Italy, and Spain. They also include some of the important individuals within the Brethren including A. N. Groves and J. N. Darby. Some of the slides are from the set produced by the London Missionary Society: 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone'. However, some of the images in this collection are slightly different versions (for instance, here BLS/5 contains a photograph of King Khama, wheras the LMS version at the National Portrait Gallery contains a coloured drawing).

The depictions on the slides vary, and range from photographic content to drawings of scenes and people. They also include maps, religious verses and collages of brethren members.

The slides contain much of interest to those studying Christian mission in general and missionary activity abroad. It may also be of interest to anthropologists wanting to look at the role and impact of missionaries in traditional and post industrial societies.

Administrative / Biographical History

The slides were used for raising the profile of missionary activity related to the Plymouth Brethren tradition. The title 'Plymouth Brethren' is the name often given to a group of independent autonomous Christian congregations, which trace their origins back to Ireland in the 1820's. Although widely known as the Plymouth Brethren, or just Brethren, many members dislike such titles because they suggest that they are a denomination. The Brethren have seen themselves as returning to an earlier tradition of worship as practiced in the New Testament, before the creation of formal churches and denominations. The Brethren movement split in two in 1848 and the two wings are often referred to as the 'Open Brethren' and the 'Exclusive Brethren'. The slides were produced by individuals within the 'Open' branch of the movement which has always had a strong evangelistic and missionary thrust. In consequence, there are 'Brethren' congregations in up to 130 countries in the world.

Arrangement

The slides arrived roughly sorted into country order. The principles of provenance and original order have been followed.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to any accredited reader.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies and photographic copies of material in the archive can be supplied for private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

A number of items within the archive remain within copyright under the terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988; it is the responsibility of users to obtain the copyright holder's permission for reproduction of copyright material for purposes other than research or private study.

Prior written permission must be obtained from the Library for publication or reproduction of any material within the archive. Please contact the Keeper of Manuscripts and Archives, John Rylands University Library, 150 Deansgate, Manchester, M3 3EH.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

The archive is comprised of of lantern slides, originally derived to be shown on a lantern slide projector. They cannot currently be displayed in this manner. However they can be viewed using a light box in the Archive and Record Centre.

Custodial History

The archive was sent by James G Hislop, son of William Hislop. James G Hislop originally acquired the slides from Margaret Cochrane of Newmilns in Ayrshire.

Related Material

The Library holds the papers of Echoes of Service the Brethren missionary service organisation (GB 133 EOS).

The National Portrait Gallery have a complete set of the 40 lantern slides produced by the London Missionary Society: 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone'.


Bibliography

Tim Grass, Gathering to his name: the story of the open brethren in Britain and Ireland (Milton Keynes: Paternoster Press, 2006)

Neil Dickson, Brethren in Scotland 1838-2000 (Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 2002)

Donald Simpson, Missions and the Magic Lantern', International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 21.1 (January, 1997), pp. 13-15.

Preferred Citation

Brethren Lantern Slides, BLS/1 (etc.), The University of Manchester Library.

Index terms

Subjects
Christianity
Missionaries
Wives of missionaries
Women missionaries
Plymouth Brethren
Corporate Names
Echoes of Service

Constituent Records


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/1

Scope and Content

Label on the front of slide states: "The O.B. Lantern department, 56 Old Bailey, E.C". Handwritten label on the top states: "Liwanika la modern".

The scene consists of an African man sat on a stool holding a fly-whisk. The whisk is a possible status object. [The slide is possibly linked with BLS/5 'King Khama'].

Liwanika is a place in central Zambia. King Liwanika brought his kingdom under British control in 1890.The Brethren missionary Frederick Arnot stayed with Liwanika for eighteen months after his arrival in his kingdom of Barotseland in December 1882.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/2

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of the slide states: "Street in Luanza Lake Mweru". Also typed label on the front of the slide, which states: "George A. Brown, 2 Grey Place, Greeno...[covered with label 'JR']".

The scene consists of a photograph of a street, lined with indigenous homesteads and plants, with a backdrop of a tropical forest.

This is the base of Dan Crawford's mission station after he moved from Bunkeya following the killing of Kong Msiri by the Belgians.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/3

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Gods Acre Luanza".

Photograph of a number of native villagers stood with missionaries in western clothing. The centre of the photograph consists of villagers stood around stone blocks.

A slide of Luanza, with a group of people standing around unidentified graves. Later slide confirms one of these graves to be that of J. Wilson. The bearded man in white jacket on the left is Dan Crawford.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/4

Scope and Content

Typed label on the front of slide states: "William Wilberforce"

The scene consists of a portrait of William Wilberforce, holding a monocle.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/5
Physical Description Two small cracks

Scope and Content

Typed label on the top edge states: "King Khama".

Two small labels down the front left of the slide state: "Newton and Co, 37 King St, Covent Garden London"; "Gardner and Co [...]atricians ,Glasgow"

Photograph of King Khama III (1837-1923) who was king of Bamangwato (in modern Botswana) and a convert to Christianity.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/6
Physical Description Slight cracking of glass in left hand corner

Scope and Content

Typed label on the top edge states: "A lame day".

Typed label in the top right corner states: "Central Africa".

The scene consists of a coloured drawing of David Livingstone being carried on a hammock by two African men, dressed in white with pink striped skirts. A number of local native villagers in the background look on.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/7
Physical Description Cracked in half, with corner smashed

Scope and Content

The top edge typed label states: "Reading the Bible".

The scene consists of a drawing, in whichDavid Livingstone sits reading from a book inside a homestead. Natives in traditional dress, one inside the homestead, a number outside, look on.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/8

Scope and Content

The top edge label states: "Last photo. Leaving London"

Photograph of Frederick Stanley Arnot, wearing a long coat, and holding a hat.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/9

Scope and Content

The top edge label states: "Travel by Ox W..."

Written on the bottom of the slide: "TB. an Ox Waggon on the Veldt".

Photograph of a wagon being pulled by a number of Ox across a river.

This slide is possibly from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/10

Scope and Content

Handwritten label states: "Interview with Armed Men"

Typed label inside the slide, situated below the scene states: "Leading the....[hunters?] through the dense mass of the wild unclad humanity".

The scene consists of David Livingstone approaching armed Africans.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/11

Scope and Content

Typed top edge label states: "African Hippopotamus".

Typed label in the in the top left corner states: "Central Africa".

The scene consists of a hippopotamus in a river, attacking a boat containing David Livingstone with African natives.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/12
Physical Description Cracked across slide, and a small crack in the right bottom corner.

Scope and Content

Typed top edge label states: "Birthplace of Livingstone".

Handwritten label across the bottom of the slide states : "Livingstones Birthplace Ext."

Photograph of the Shuttle Row tenement building in Blantyrewhere Livingstone was born. Stood outside the building are people with livestock, in the courtyard.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/13
Physical Description cracked

Scope and Content

Typed top edge label states: "Faithfulness of car[rier]".

Handwritten label across the bottom of the slide : Carrying the body to the coast".

Scene consists of African natives carrying Livingstone's body, attached to a long pole which is balanced on their shoulders. The scene is signed 'Ernest Prater' at the bottom.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/14

Scope and Content

Typed top edge label states: "Saving Carrier from Lion".

Typed label in the left hand corner states: "Central Africa".

Scene consists of a lion attacking Livingstone, pinning him down with his paw, while snarling at a man in western dress poised to shoot the lion, backed by armed African natives.

This slide is from a set of slides on 'The Life and Work of David Livingstone' produced by the London Missionary Society around 1900.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/15
Physical Description cracked

Scope and Content

Handwritten label states: "B.D CRAWFORD...MR AND MRS ANTON at J. Wilsons Grave Luanza.

Photograph of Jeannie Anton, Dan Crawford and James Anton at the grave of John Wilson who died at Luanza on 4 May 1899.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/16

Scope and Content

A map of India, headed "Carest thou not?", with Jesus holding his palm up to the map. In his shadow is two starving children. Situated in the left of the picture is a scene of a number of western worshippers listening to a service. Underneath the picture is the quote "His pierced hand is pointing to the world for which he died. Carest.".


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/17

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front states: 'Arnot.Swans Foulknor. meet Sang together. Jesus shall reign'.

The scene consists of a background in which a number of African natives are seated in a circle, while in the foreground three men in western dress and pith helmets hold hands.

The slide represents the events of February 1888 when Charles Swan and W.L. Faulkener met up with Frederick Stanley Arnot in Garenganze in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/18

Scope and Content

Top edge label states : 'Bushmen ...[unreadable text]'.

Photograph of Africans pushing a boat out of a river.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/19

Scope and Content

Handwritten label states: "Three Little Children".

Photograph of three African children sat on the ground.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/20

Scope and Content

Typed label on the front of slide states: 'There's a call comes ringing'.

Scene consists of an African female in western clothes, holding a large leaf with a baby in a pouch. A male child stands next to her. The scene is headed by the quotation 'Let us not grow weary in the work of love, Send the light, ... send the light. While we gather jewels for our crown above. Send the light ...' The words are from the hymn 'There's a call comes ringing' by Charles Hutchinson Gabriel.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/21

Scope and Content

Taken with BLS/3. A number of missionaries stood around graves with villagers, although, unlike BLS/3 not posing for the camera.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/22
Physical Description cracked

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states "Mr Hoyte of Belgian Congo - with Native, the last survivor of company who carried body of Livingston to the coast".

Photograph of Dr Julyan Hoyte in western clothes sat on a weaved bench with an older African male, also in western clothes.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/23

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Work in India".

Photographic portrait of the sons of Anthony Norris Groves: Frank, George, Edward and Henry, head of Anthony superimposed The portrait is enclosed in an archway, surrounded by decoration of various botanical scenes. Headed 'The Industrial effort of A.N. Groves and Sons'.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/24

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of the slide states: "Indian Festival. Car of Juggernaut".

Photograph of a large crowd gathered outside a temple.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/25

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Flat Country Cashmere".

Photograph of countryside with a river meandering through the fields.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/26

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Indian Widows".

Typed label inside the slide : "Pathetic Young Indian Victims Of The Immemorial Scourge Of The East".

Photograph of Indian women and children, sat in a semicircle on the ground, with plates, being served food by an Indian female.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/27

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Indias Need".

Map of India, with text describing how the outcasts of India's society need God, and the widows plight. Around the map of India are Anthony Norris Groves and Sir Arthur Cotton on the left and two African heads on the right, one with a painted face labelled 'without Christ', the other in western dress labelled 'a trophy of Grace Saved to serve'. In the bottom right is a map of India illustrating the numerical strength of Christianity labelled 'India Waiting for Christ for you!'


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/28

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Hospitals and Sunday Schools".

Split photograph. Top photograph are a number of Indians outside a building. The bottom photograph is of a large number of Indians, facing the camera.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/29

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Indian Group".

Scene consists of a large group of Indian people, sat in front of a small building without walls.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/30
Physical Description cracked

Scope and Content

Typed label on the top edge states: "Portrait of Fred.S."

Black and white portrait of Frederick Stanley Arnot.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/31

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Map of Route to Bagdad".

Map of Europe with decorate scenes around the map. Top of map is titled 'Route of A.N. Groves journey to Bagdaddated June 12th to December 6th 1829'.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/32

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "A.N. GROVES. J.N. DARBY. J.G. BELLETT. J. PARNELL. DRAWING ROOM MEETINGS IN DUBLIN".

Collage portraits of four men. Underneath is a painting the meetings in Dublin which are generally regarded as the founding meetings of the Plymouth Brethren.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/33

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Mount Arrarat".

Photograph of the mountain which according to tradition was the resting place of Noah's Ark.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/34

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "A Russian Carriage".

Scene consists of a horse drawn carriage being driven by two bearded males in the front of the carriage. Three women are seated inside the carriage. There is a male in uniform standing alongside.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/35

Scope and Content

A globe icon with text 'Go Ye Pioneer Preachers Worldwide on Apostolic Principles' followed by smaller text underneath: 'Make Disciples of ALL the Nations' 'The Command', 'Teaching them to observe ALL things'. It is bordered by a pink ribbon with a cross in one corner and a crown opposite.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/36

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Where is Baghdad, see circle".

A map labelled 'South-Western Asia and adjacent regions', with Baghdad circled.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/37

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Difficulties and Results".

Scene includes text: 'Call of the heroic at Baghdad A.N.Groves. 1829-33. Endure when there is every eternal reason not to endure!!! He endured...seeing him who is invisible. Difficult languages. Wife and Child died. Floods: 7000 houses swept away. Plague: Thousands died daily. Two thirds of population died. War siege. (3 months) Famine. Known Spiritual Results. 2 souls. One Armenian and His Son Henry Groves".


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/38

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "A Shop in Baghdad".

Scene consists of a male sat in a doorway with objects laid out before him including a hammer and shoes. There are two other males in the scene and a child dressed in white.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/39

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "A street in Baghdad".

Street scene with people walking down the centre.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/40

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "G.Müller - House in Halle. Mr Wagner".

The scene is split into three. First a photograph of George Müller with signature. The second part is a photograph of a property headed with the text 'It was the prayer meetings held in this house, which influenced the life of George Müller on a Saturday in 1825'.The third part is a portrait of J.V. Wagner, with the text: 'Mr Wagner of Halle. Who held the prayer meetings'.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/41

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Orphan Homes - Ashley Down Bristol".

Collage of different buildings, pictures of children and a portrait of 'George Müller' underneath. Also there is a small piece of text stating 'A Boys Gift'.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/42

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "The Late Henry Groves".

Portrait of elderly gentleman labelled underneath ' Mr Henry Groves, Kendal, England'.

Henry Groves was the eldest son of Anthony Norris Groves.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/43

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Wm Sloan Went out 1876. Died 1911".

Portrait labelled underneath ' Mr William Sloan, Faroe Islands'. Includes verse from hymn: ' Work to-day, and leave tomorrow; All around there's urgent need; All around there's sin and sorrow; Broadcast daily sow thy seed. God is faithful, He shall bless thy work indeed'.


Lantern Slide (n.d.)

Reference GB 133 BLS/44
Physical Description cracked

Scope and Content

Handwritten label on the front of slide states: "Gilbertfield School and Arnot".

Photograph of a building, with a portrait of a small boy by the side, and a circle picture of David Livingstone in the corner. The text underneath states: "Gilbertfield School Hamilton, Scotland, in which Fred S. Arnot as a boy of 6 years heard his first call to Africa from the lips of David Livingstone".