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CWW - Papers of Claude Wilson Wardlaw

Papers of Claude Wilson Wardlaw

Reference Number(s) GB 133 CWW
Held at The University of Manchester, The John Rylands University Library Contact Details
Dates of Creation 1929-1971
Physical Description 1.2 li.m.; 105 items
Name of Creator Wardlaw Claude Wilson 1901-1985 botanist
Language of Material English
Location The collection is located at the University Archive and Records Centre, main University Library.
Cataloguing Info [ hide ]
Title Papers of Claude Wilson Wardlaw
Author Finding aid compiled by Janet Wallwork.
Publication The John Rylands University Library
150 Deansgate,, Manchester, M3 3EH, England, tel.: +44 (0)161 275 3764, fax: +44 (0)161 834 5574,

© The John Rylands University Library, The University of Manchester

2010
Edition 1st edition
Creation Created by Cheshire User using the Cheshire for archives ead creation tool 2010-06-16

Scope and content

A collection of research papers and consultancy reports of the botanist Claude Wardlaw.

These items were presented to the University Library by Professor Wardlaw at the time of his retirement. A few items relate to the period before he was appointed to the University, in 1940, but the major part of the archive consists of a substantial number of reports, correspondence and photographs detailing his many study tours and consultancies in the Caribbean, central America, Africa and the Far East. His particular areas of interest in the cultivation and diseases of bananas and oil palms are well-documented, and the archive records his continuing relationship as an adviser to the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company of America. Also included are a number of draft and proof copies of those articles and books he wrote before his retirement, including Diseases of the Banana, of Embryogenesis in Plants and Organisation and Evolution in Plants as well as his contributions to the Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie.

The collection will be of interest to those interested in plant pathology and mycology, and of the early study of morphogenesis in plants, as well as those with an interest in the history and role of the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company in the agriculture of the developing world.

Biographical history

Claude Wilson Wardlaw was born on 4th February 1901, the son of Major J.Wardlaw, and was educated at Paisley Grammar school. He graduated with first-class honours in botany from Glasgow University in 1922. He was appointed lecturer there in 1925 and gained the degrees of Ph.D. and D.Sc. He also spent time researching at Imperial College, London and studying Alpine botany in Geneva. In 1927 he was elected to the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

In 1928 he accepted the appointment as pathologist for banana research at the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad, and in 1933 became officer-in-charge of the Low-Temperature Research unit at Trinidad. During these years he published widely on the physiology, pathology and storage of tropical crops. His book Diseases of the Banana, originally published in 1935, was later extended and revised and appeared in new editions (under the title Banana Diseases) in 1961 and 1971. It is generally accepted as the standard work on the subject. He also published an account of his early years in Trinidad, Green Havoc in 1935. He joined the Trinidad Volunteer Regiment, and eventually retired as a Lieutenant–Colonel.

Wardlaw returned to England in 1940, to take up the appointment as Barker professor of cryptogamic botany at the University of Manchester. As well as launching his own research programme into plant morphogenesis, he encouraged the expansion of other research topics in the department. For example, during his time in Trinidad Wardlaw had become deeply interested in plant pathology and mycology, and he promoted these areas in his new department. In the 1950s he was greatly influenced by Alan Turing’s diffusion reaction theory of morphogenesis, which Wardlaw described as “a source of inspiration”.

Wardlaw was also keen to work with private companies to promote mutual interests in research. In 1944 he had been appointed academic consultant at ICI, Trafford Park, Manchester, to advise on penicillin production. Once the war ended, Wardlaw maintained interests in research relating to national food supply and the pharmaceutical industry. He convinced the University to fund two new assistant lecturer posts, in 1946 and 1947, and he negotiated a number of ICI-funded research projects.

He published a number of books during his time in Manchester, most notably Morphogenesis which appeared in 1952; this was followed by Embryogenesis in Plants (1955) and Organisation and Evolution in Plants (1965). Following his retirement he published Morphogenesis in Plants: A Contemporary Study (1968); and the collections Essays on Form in Plants (1968) and Cellular Differentiation in Plants and Other Essays (1969). Professor Wardlaw was also active outside his own department, becoming dean of the Faculty of Science in 1950 and 1951, and pro-vice-chancellor between 1953-1957. In1958 he was appointed George Harrison professor of botany and director of the Experimental Grounds, the senior botany post at Manchester.

In the post-war years Wardlaw undertook numerous field trips to advise and report on tropical fruit production. The archive contains copies of many of his reports, written for companies such as the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company of America.

Wardlaw was recipient of many official and professional appointments: he was a Foreign Correspondent of the Academie D’Agriculture de la France; in 1954 he became a member of the Council of University College, Ibadan; and he was appointed as the representative of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries to the governing body of the National Vegetable Research Station, 1955.

Wardlaw married Jessie Connell in 1928, and they had two sons. Following her death, in 1971, he wrote an account of his wife’s life and artistic accomplishments A Quiet Talent: Jessie Wardlaw, 1903-1971. Claude Wardlaw died on 16th December 1985.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically, where known, and divided into series:

  • CWW/1 - Reports and consultations
  • CWW/2 - Proof copies and manuscripts of publications
  • CWW/3 - Miscellaneous

Conditions Governing Access

Open, with exception of item CWW/1/51, which has restricted access for data protection reasons.

Acquisition Information

Donated to the University of Manchester Library by Professor Wardlaw in 1966.

Related Material

The University of Manchester department of botany archive contains material relating to Wardlaw's academic career (DBO). There is a vice-chancellor's file on Wardlaw's initial appointment to the cryptogamic botany (VCA/7/36).

The Papers of Alan Mathison Turing, Cambridge University: King's College Archive Centre include material on Wardlaw and Turing's work on morphogenesis in plants ( AMT)


Bibliography

Wardlaw's work at the University's department of botany is discussed in Alison Kraft, "Building Manchester biology 1851-1963: national agendas, provincial strategies" (University of Manchester Ph.D. 2000). W. A. Charlton and E. G. Cutter, 135 years of Botany at Manchester [University of Manchester 1998] is a history of the department, which mentions Wardlaw in passing.

Access Points

Subjects
Bananas Diseases and pests
Banana Economic aspects
Oil palm Diseases and pests
Oil palm Economic aspects
Oil palm Research
Personal Names
Wardlaw Claude Wilson 1901-1985 botanist
Corporate Names
Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad
Victoria University of Manchester
University of Manchester Department of Botany
Standard Fruit and Steamship Company
Geographical Names
Costa Rica
Honduras
Cameroon
Nigeria
North Borneo [Malaysia]
Belgian Congo [Democratic Republic of Zaire]

Research reports, consultancies (1929-1966)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1
Physical Description 71 items

Typescript report (1929)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/1

Scope and Content

Typescript report "Panama Disease of Bananas" by C.W.Wardlaw, Report produced for the Empire Marketing Board, based on visits to St Lucia, Suriname and British Guiana. Manchester [n.d.].


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/2

Scope and Content

"Report by Dr C.W.Wardlaw, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad B.W.I., on the Condition of Banana Plantations in the Republic of Haiti. September- October, 1938".


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/3

Scope and Content

"Further observations on the condition of banana plantations in the Republic of Haiti" by C.W.Wardlaw, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad, B.W.I" February-March, 1940


Carbon copy report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/4

Scope and Content

"The Air Transport of Tropical Produce" by Professor C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl.,n.d.]. Carbon of letter to A.P. Kiely, 21 June, 1943 attached.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/5

Scope and Content

"Observations on Disease of the Oil Palm in the Belgian Congo" by C.W.Wardlaw with the co-operation of S. De Blank and G.G.Waterson. Leopoldville, May 1946. Contains original photographs. Also 22 loose sheets of photographs and drawings with mss annotations, and 5 loose photographs.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/6

Scope and Content

Two copies of "Observations on diseases of the oil palm in the Belgian Congo" by C.W.Wardlaw. Leopoldville, 1946.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/7

Scope and Content

Notes on a visit to the Cameroons, Nigeria, and the Belgian Congo, 1948" by C.W.Wardlaw with the assistance of F. Ferguson (in Nigeria) and W.G. Kovachich (in the Belgian Congo). Manchester, June 1948 [Includes many original photographs].


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/8

Scope and Content

"Report on the Banana Lands of the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company in Honduras" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester. May, 1950


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/9

Scope and Content

"Report on a visit to the Belgian Congo, The Cameroons and Nigeria (1951)" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/10

Scope and Content

"Report on the Abaca Plantations in North Borneo" by C.W.Wardlaw. [n.pl.], March-April, 1952.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/11

Scope and Content

""Stann Creek Bananas, Sittee Cocoa and Barton Ramie" by C.W.Wardlaw. August 1952 [n.pl.] .


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/12

Scope and Content

"Report on organization of research in the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company’s Honduras Division". C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester, April 1953. Accompanied by a corrected proof copy.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/13

Scope and Content

"Report on a visit to the Belgian Congo July-August 1953, with special reference to the work of the Research Department" by C.W.Wardlaw with the assistance of S.De Blank and members of the Research Department, September 1st, 1953. Also separate summary document.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/14

Scope and Content

"Summary report on research, 1954." C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester, April 1954.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/15

Scope and Content

"Report on the Abaca Plantations in North Borneo - 1954" by C.W.Wardlaw. [n.pl.], December, 1954.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/16

Scope and Content

Notes by Professor C.W. Wardlaw on the virus disease at Coyoles, December 1955"


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/17

Scope and Content

"Notes on a visit to Nigeria and the Cameroons, January 1956" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester [with many original photographs].


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/18

Scope and Content

"Replanting of 150 acres at Naranjo; precautions relating to virus disease" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 8, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/19

Scope and Content

"Summary notes on a visit to Lomitas and San Juan, August 20, 1956" by C.W.Wardlaw, La Caiba, August 21, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/20

Scope and Content

"Long storage of the Cavendish variety" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/21

Scope and Content

"The Naranjo Virus Plot (150 acres)" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/22

Scope and Content

"Visit to Coyoles, August 21, 1956 with Dr Kabon and Mr Warren" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/23

Scope and Content

"Palo Verde (Fertiliser Experiments)" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/24

Scope and Content

"Visit to Guancosta: August 22, 1956" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/25

Scope and Content

"Establishments of nurseries" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/26

Scope and Content

"Notes on a visit to Costa Rica (Aug.16/17, 1956) The Old Line Area" by C.W.Wardlaw, [n.pl] August 24, 1956.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/27

Scope and Content

Carbon copy of "Report on visit to New Orleans, Costa Rica and Honduras, August, 1956" by C.W.Wardlaw .[n.pl., 24 Aug 56.]


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/28

Scope and Content

"Notes on a visit, Cowan, Bwinga and Lobe Estates, January, 1957" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/29

Scope and Content

"Summary of Latex Problem" dated February 11, 1957. Attached to a letter to C.C. Armbruster, from Jack Loeb of the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/30

Scope and Content

"Short Root Tip Over, interim report, July - 1957". [by C.W.W.?] [n.pl.].


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/31

Scope and Content

Typed copy of "Report on visits to Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Ecuador, Costa Rica and Honduras, July-August, 1957" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/32

Scope and Content

Draft and completed report "Notes on a visit to Nigeria and Cameroons, January 1958" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester. [With many original photographs].


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/33

Scope and Content

"Notes on visits to Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala, March-April 1958" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester. With office memo and circulation list, from M.L. Karon to Dr.J.S. D’Antoni, Standard Fruit Company.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/34

Scope and Content

"Notes on a visit to the Ivory Coast and Belgian Congo, July-August, 1958" by C.W.Wardlaw.


Photographs (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/35

Scope and Content

Folder labelled "Set of photographs belonging to Professor Wardlaw’s Report on Visit to Ivory Coast and Belgian Congo, July-August, 1958". With typed captions


Office memorandum (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/36

Scope and Content

Office memorandum from R.H.Smith of the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company, to J.S.D’Antoni, September 4, 1958, accompanied by a series of internal reports.


Letter (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/37

Scope and Content

Letter to C.W.Wardlaw from [?Melvin] at the Standard Fruit Company, dated June 17, 1959


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/38

Scope and Content

"Report on visits to Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Ecuador", July-August, 1959" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester. With 5 coloured slide transparencies.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/39

Scope and Content

"Report on visits to the Honduras and Costa Rica divisions of the Standard Fruit Company", June-July 1960" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester, July 12, 1960.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/40

Scope and Content

Notes on a visit to Nigeria, the British Cameroons and Ghana, February – March 1961" by C.W. Wardlaw, Manchester, March 10, 1961.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/41

Scope and Content

Typed document detailing terms of reference for visit to Borneo Abaca Ltd, August 1961. Typed "Report on the virus disease of Abaca in Borneo" by C.W.Wardlaw and G.D.Heathcote, August 17- September 3, 1961, with a letter from Rothamsted Experimental Station.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/42

Scope and Content

"Notes on Caribbean tour by Mr Richard Strauss, Tryall Estates, Port Maria". [1962]. Marked "Confidential – Limited Circulation Only".


Letter (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/43

Scope and Content

Letter to Professor Wardlaw from C.D.Blake of Rothamsted Experimental Station, July 5th, 1962. Attached to a series of unsigned and undated reports on the subject of bananas and oil palms.


Letters (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/44

Scope and Content

Letter to Professor Wardlaw from Richard Strauss of Tryall Estates, Jamaica, 5th June, 1962 concerning banana planting at the Estates, and copy of reply from Professor Wardlaw 13th June, 1962.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/45

Scope and Content

"Notes on the visit to the Honduras, Ecuador and Costa Rican Divisions of the Standard Fruit Company and Banana Growing Areas of Jamaica, July-August, 1962" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester. Attached to a memorandum referring it to Dr.J.S. Antoni from M.L. Karon.


Typescript reports (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/46

Scope and Content

Typescript copy of "Report on a visit to Congo 1963" by C.W.Wardlaw Second unbound copy with extra, loose illustrations and mss annotation "Corrected C.W.W."


Letters (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/47

Scope and Content

Four letters from Jacob De Ment of the Standard Fruit Company, concerning banana cultivation in Honduras and Costa Rica, 1964-5.


Pamphlet and letter (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/48

Scope and Content

Pamphlet "Plants, Shade and Shelter" by Paul E.Waggoner. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 656, April 1963. Accompanied by incomplete and unsigned letter [from C.W.W.] to Dr J.S. D’Antoni.


Memorandum (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/49

Scope and Content

Memorandum from Stanley Black of the Standard Fruit Company, to R.H.Smith, April 21, 1964. Accompanied by typed notes headed "Dithane vs Oil" by Stanley Black, Costa Rica, April 20, 1964.


Typescript reports (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/50

Scope and Content

Folder containing 16 reports by C.W.Wardlaw to Dr J.S.D’Antoni dated between March-September, 1964. Plus 5 reports by Wardlaw on the projects of Dr. A Perumal, 1964.


Letters (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/51

Scope and Content

Collection of letters between C.W.Wardlaw and the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company regarding the appointment of a Director of Research. May, 1964.

Conditions Governing Access

Access restriction - item has restricted access for data protection reasons, please consult the archivist for further information.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/52

Scope and Content

"Notes on a visit to Costa Rica and Honduras – April, 1964" by C.W.Wardlaw .[n.pl.,n.d.] Typescript report "Reports on visits to Honduras and Costa Rica, March-April, 1964" by C.W.Wardlaw, Manchester.


Letters (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/53

Scope and Content

Three letters and a memo, from ‘Esther’ of the Standard Fruit Company, some relating to Professor Wardlaw’s expenses, April-June, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/54

Scope and Content

Note to Dr J.S.D’Antoni "Research Staff. Confidential – For Your Private Use. Sole Office Copy". C.W.Wardlaw, April 16, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/55

Scope and Content

Photocopied report "Chilling Experiments on the Riy Kerr Sport ‘Oswaldo Ramos’, Research – Honduras Division" by N.S.Ghosheh, Accompanied by annotated memo from A.V.Adam to Dr J.S.D’Antoni., May 13th, 1964.


Letters (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/56

Scope and Content

Letters from, and draft replies to, Dr J.S.D’Antoni of the Standard Fruit and Steamship Company, May-June 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/57

Scope and Content

"Visit to Trinidad and Tobago, 4-27th September, 1964" by A.H. Green.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/58

Scope and Content

"Report on visits to Costa Rica and Honduras – September, 1964" by C.W.Wardlaw, La Ceiba, September 23. 1964. Plus typed note on the report by D.J.Kirchhoff [n.d.], and a letter to Dr J.S.D’Antoni from G.W.Volk, October 9, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/59

Scope and Content

Note to Dr J.S.D’Antoni "Nematodes and their control by flowering plants" C.W.Wardlaw, September 30, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/60

Scope and Content

Note to Dr J.S.D’Antoni "Potassium experiments presented as graphs based on triple averages" C.W.Wardlaw, September 30, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/61

Scope and Content

Note to Dr J.S.D’Antoni "Costa Rica: research stem weights" C.W.Wardlaw, September 30, 1964.


Typescript report (undated)

Reference GB 133 CWW/1/62

Scope and Content

Note to Dr J.S.D’Antoni "A banana development ‘referometer’ and a calendar of events". C.W.Wardlaw, October 2, 1964.