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PLP - The Papers of Dr Adam Clarke

The Papers of Dr Adam Clarke

Reference Number(s) GB 133 PLP
Held at The University of Manchester, Methodist Archive and Research Centre Contact Details
Dates of Creation 1785-1832
Physical Description 0.5 l.m.
Name of Creator Clarke, Dr Adam, Methodist preacher
Language of Material English
Location Collection available at John Rylands Library, Deansgate.
Cataloguing Info [ hide ]
Title The Papers of Dr Adam Clarke 1785-1832
Author Finding aid compiled by Gareth Lloyd.
Publication The John Rylands University Library
150 Deansgate,, Manchester, M3 3EH, England, tel.: +44 (0)161 275 3764, fax: +44 (0)161 834 5574,

© The John Rylands University Library, The University of Manchester 2009

Edition Second, revised edition
Creation Finding aid created by Gareth Lloyd in 1991; the finding aid was converted to EAD 2002 by Graham Johnson and Stephen Knott in February 2009.
Descriptive Rules Finding aid compiled according to JRUL's Guide to the listing of archives (3rd edition, 2004), which is based on the General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD(G)), second edition.
Language Usage Finding aid written in English.

Scope and content

The bulk of the Adam Clarke manuscript collection consists of correspondence and associated papers, which were collected together by Clarke's family after his death, and subsequently deposited in the Methodist Archives at City Road in London.

In addition, for ease of research the James Everett collection of Clarke memorabilia has been included in this catalogue.

Biographical history

Adam Clarke was born in 1762 at Moybeg in the parish of Kilcronaghan, Co. Londonderry, the son of a schoolmaster. He was appointed to his first circuit of Bradford, Wiltshire in 1782, and served as a Methodist minister in several areas of the country. He acted as President of the Wesleyan Conference in 1806, 1814 and 1822. From 1824 he was resident at Haydon Hall, near Pinner in Middlesex.

He enjoyed a very high reputation as a scholar, and produced works on a wide range of subjects, including theology, Oriental languages, and Biblical studies. In 1807 he was awarded the diploma of M.A. from Aberdeen University and in 1808 that of LL.D. His most important work was his Bible Commentary, which was published in eight volumes between 1810 and 1826.

The high regard in which he was held outside the Methodist Church, was reflected by his appointment in 1808 as editor of the new edition of Rymer's Feodora of the Public Records. He produced 2 volumes before pressure of work forced his resignation in 1818.

Clarke died of cholera in August 1832.

System of arrangement

The papers have been arranged into five series as follows:

  • Correspondence
  • Biographical Information
  • Fragments and Incomplete Letters
  • Literary Fragments
  • Portraits of Adam Clarke

Restrictions on access

The collection is open to any accredited reader.

Restrictions on use

Photocopies and photographic copies of material in the archive can be supplied for private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

A number of items within the archive remain within copyright under the terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988; it is the responsibility of users to obtain the copyright holder's permission for reproduction of copyright material for purposes other than research or private study.

Prior written permission must be obtained from the Library for publication or reproduction of any material within the archive. Please contact the Keeper of Manuscripts and Archives, John Rylands University Library, 150 Deansgate, Manchester, M3 3EH.

Immediate source of acquisition

The Methodist Church.

Other finding aids

A catalogue of the Collection was produced by Gareth Lloyd in 1991. The present catalogue has been produced to replace this with an ISAD(G) compliant catalogue.

Related materials

There are Clarke Papers in the James Everett Collection:

  • "Letters on Dr. A Clarke's Miscellaneous Works" - containing two letters written to family members in 1830, with letters, printed pamphlets, and notes of Revd. James Everett, and Thomas Marriott etc re Clarke's published works, including some transcripts of Wesley family material. n. d.
  • Manuscript journal covering Clarke's visit to Ireland, May-June 1821, and his tour through parts of England, Scotland, and Ireland, May-June 1823.
  • "The Hiatus supplied or Dr. Clarke from home, in converse with his friends", by Revd. James Everett. n. d.
  • Clarke's reply to the "Vindication of the Hindoos… and the danger of interfering with their customs and religion", by a Bengal officer. c1808.
  • 2 Volumes of Clarke ms sermons. n. d.
  • Letter book containing letters written by Clarke to various correspondents 1787-1832.


Bibliography

Dawes, Stephen B., Adam Clarke: Methodism's first old testament scholar ([Redruth]: Cornish Methodist Historical Association, c. 1994)

Edwards, Maldwyn Llloyd, Adam Clarke (London: Epworth Press, 1942

Everett, James, Adam Clarke portrayed 3 vols. (London: Hamilton Adams and Co., 1843-1849)

Gallagher, Robert H., Adam Clarke: saint and scholar (Belfast: Nelson and Knox, [1963])

Preferred Citation

The Papers of Dr Adam Clarke, PLP/25/… (etc.), Methodist Archives and Research Centre, John Rylands University Library, University of Manchester.

Index terms

Subjects
Methodism
Methodism Great Britain
Methodism History
Methodism Preachers
Methodist Church
Personal Names
Clarke Adam 1762-1832 Methodist preacher
Geographical Names
Moybeg, Londonderry, Northern Ireland
Bradford, Wiltshire
Pinner, Middlesex

Constituent Records


Correspondence (1785-1832)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1 - PLP/25/10
Physical Description 237 items

Letter (2 Dec 1785)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/1

Scope and Content

From St. Austell in Cornwall, to William Bryant in Gunwen, regretting that his departure for Plymouth Dock, the following day prevents him from calling.


Letter (17 Feb 1786)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/2

Scope and Content

From Plymouth Dock, Devon, to James Pond in St. Austell, Cornwall, informing him that he has sent the hymn books, to Megavissey from where they will be forwarded. A free copy has been sent to Sister Woolcock. Brother. Rosevear should be informed that the work in Stonehouse, near Plymouth looks promising.


Letter (30 Aug 1793)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/3

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Revd. George Marsden in Stockport, Cheshire, rejoicing that Marsden has begun his work, and encouraging him not to be afraid.

Marsden should pray and read the bible every day. He should eat well, but should drink no alcohol, except "a glass of port wine, whenever you can get it".

Guidance is given on the preparation and content of sermons


Letter (Dec 1793)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/4

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Joseph Benson in Manchester, re Clarke's study of Dr. Griesbach's edition of the Greek Testament. He describes in detail, the sources used by Griesbach, and his editing.

Clarke goes on to discuss in detail early extant biblical texts, and their use by various scholars, including Erasmus, Martin, Stevens, and Beze.


Letter (Dec 1793)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/5

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Joseph Benson in Manchester, re the facsimile of the Codex Cantab-, recently published by Dr. Kipling.


Letter (2 May 1794)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/6

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Revd, Samuel Bradburn in Bristol, re the unauthorised disclosure of certain unspecified matters. Clarke urges the publication of the minutes of a meeting re the business in question. He will however do nothing until he has heard from the other interested parties. Nothing has been heard from the Doctor (Thomas Coke?), and there is a rumour circulating re the possible reason for his silence.

[ Note: Note This letter possibly refers to the Bristol Trustees controversy ]

Letter (n. d. [1794])

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/7

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Revd. George Marsden in Burslem, Staffordshire, in which Clarke gives his views on the doctrine of faith. He recommends the writings of Dr. Lardner, despite his Arian and Socinian tendencies. Clarke is disillusioned with the Conference's lack of direction and executive power, and he believes that the jealousy apparent among Methodist ranks will finally "prove our ruin".

The conflict with the trustees in Bristol is almost over. Clarke believes that only 3 or 4 preachers will join the secessionists.


Letter (8 Jan 1795 [?])

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/8

Scope and Content

From Manchester, to Revd. George Marsden in Burslem, Staffordshire. Clarke attributes the confused state of the Connexion, to a lack of central control. He has no preference re the form of any future Church government as long as it is effective.

He describes the "High Church party …. as the vilest of persecutors", and predicts that they will bring the Connexion down, if they are not opposed.

Parkhurst has published the 2nd edition of his Greek Lexicon, but Clarke has not yet had the opportunity to study it. He describes in great detail the flourishing work in Liverpool, including the recent conversions of a Clergyman, and a daughter of the Rector of Ormskirk.


Letter (1795)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/9

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Revd. George Marsden in Burslem, Staffordshire, regretting that he has been unable to find anything for the young man, recommended by Marsden, and complaining "have you forgotten that this town was almost overrun by French priests".

Clarke's head wound has almost healed after the attack made upon him by "two papists", although his eyes are still giving him trouble.

He urges Marsden to continue his study of Greek, Hebrew, and Latin, and to pray every day.

In a postscript, Clarke enquires if Marsden had written the letter, that was signed "A member of the Conference", and promises to give him a full account of the state of the Connexion, if Marsden attends the Manchester District Meeting.

He hopes to have his translation of the Greek text of the bible (?), completed in time for the Conference.


Letter (27 Jun 1789)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/10

Scope and Content

From Jersey in the Channel Islands, to John Trewethey at Teagues Gate, St. Austell, Cornwall, re his happy memories of visits to Trewethey.

Clarke pays tribute to the qualities of his wife, and refers to his 6 month old son, John Wesley Clarke.

Clarke's health remains poor.


Letter (13 Dec 1798)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/11

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Joseph Benson in Hull, Yorkshire, quoting extensively from his notes on the New Testament. Clarke has adopted an interpretation of the line "My God… why halt thou forsaken me", which is different from the interpretation of previous scholars, and he asks for Benson's opinion.

Benson's old friend Miss. Johnson is close to death, as is John Hall, and he refers to the death of his own father the previous month.

Clarke believes that the shipwreck of the 3 Missionaries off Kinsale Head, Ireland, proves that God was opposed to their Mission.


Letter (29 Jul 1799)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/12
Physical Description This document has been badly damaged by fire.

Scope and Content

To an unnamed correspondent, re the proceedings of the Conference, including a discussion of the debate about "Travelling Visitors (alias Bps)".


Letter (1799)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/13

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Revd. Joseph Cole in Pembroke, re the identifying features of the translations of the bible by Thomas Matthews and William Tyndale (printed 1551), and the Bishop's bible of 1568.

Clarke had preached Mr. Durbin's funeral sermon the previous Sunday.

His health remains poor.


Letter (29 Mar 1799)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/1/14

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Revd. James Bogie in Newcastle on Tyne, acknowledging receipt of Bogie's letter with the enclosed bill for £2.


Letter (4 Mar 1800)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/1

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to John Stonehouse in Lever Street, Manchester, re the importance of the doctrines of the witness of the spirit, and total destruction of sin. He describes how his intensive study of the New Testament led him to an appreciation of their significance to Methodism, despite some initial scepticism. Reference in detail is made to Dodd's discussion of these points, based on a reading of Romans. viii. 16.

The deficiency of faith apparent in Calvinism is criticised, and Clarke traces this error back to the "Manicheoaugustinism" of the 4th century.

Clarke encourages Stonehouse to reply to Ludt-.

The opinion of Stonehouse is requested re Clarke's pamphlet entitled, "Eight Advices to a Methodist Preacher on his setting out in the work of the Ministry, with some directions to the people, how they may profit by the word preached". The eight advices are listed.

He has been forced to give up his printing for the moment, because of the cost.


Letter (2 Aug 1800)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/2

Scope and Content

From Landon, to Joseph Dutton in Castle Street, Liverpool, expressing pleasure at Dutton's appointment to Bristol. He praises the rest of the Bristol appointees-Messrs. Jenkins, Moore, and Williams.

Clarke is upset by the death of "poor John", especially as he was opposed to his going out to Jamaica.

Reference is made to some of the other appointments by the Conference, and to the Address to the King.


Letter (8 Apr 1800)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/3

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Revd. George Marsden in Macclesfield, Cheshire, re a bill about to go before Parliament, the effect of which will be to "annihilate our root and branch". An anti-Methodist pamphlet has also been produced by the Bishop of Lincoln, following a visit to his diocese by "those idle mad vagabonds called Colliers. pretending to exorcise etc".

He mentions the father of Billy Lane, a member of the Liverpool Society, who has been sentenced to hang for forgery.

Clarke has been forced to postpone the printing of his Bible Commentary, due to a lack of paper, and a problem with one of his eyes.

In a postscript, Clarke refers to the health of his ten children.


Letter (10 Sep 1800)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/4

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Mr. Baynes, bookseller of Paternoster Row, London, thanking him for his help in obtaining old manuscripts, payment for which is enclosed.

If there is any demand for "Alumistic books", Clarke has a good collection, which he would be prepared to sell.

Details of Mr. Nuttall's estimate for printing an unspecified work are enclosed.


Letter (26 Mar 1801)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/5

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Revd. James Bogie in Sunderland, re Clarke's translation of Sturm's Reflections, which he believes to be the best yet published.

He discusses in detail the arrangements that exist for the grant of financial help to ex-Kingswood scholars, with particular reference to the girls.

He bemoans the severe financial plight of the Connexion, and proposes some very radical measures, including the cancellation of the Conference, and refusing to take any more preachers on trial for seven years.


Letter (13 May 1801)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/6

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Joseph Dutton in Castle Street, Liverpool, re his intention to produce a Bible Commentary, which will also provide in the notes a more accurate translation of significant passages.

He criticises the refusal of people to accept that there is need for a new translation of the bible, incorporating the fruits of modern scholarship. He has so far completed the Gospels, and is awaiting the publication of the 2nd volume of Griesbach's work, before continuing.

He is also engaged in transcribing for publication an English illuminated manuscript of the New Testament, and part of the Old, which is markedly different from Wycliffe's version, and is he believes older.


Letter (17 Jul 1802)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/7

Scope and Content

Copy letter from Pinner, Middlesex, to Revd. Jabez Bunting, referring to their conversation in Liverpool, re Shetland, Mr. Scott's donation, and the £400 given by the honourable Sophia Ward.

Clarke wishes to seek advice about a settlement that he has made in his will.

[ Note: Note Original at Drew University ]

Letter (26 Mar 1803)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/8

Scope and Content

From Liverpool, to Mr. Baynes, Bookseller of Paternoster Row, London, describing at length the difficulties that he had experienced in producing an unspecified work (Bibliographical Dictionary?). He counters the criticism that has been levelled at his painstaking attention to detail, and he declares that his book is the best of it's type yet published.


Letter (17 Oct 1803)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/9

Scope and Content

From Manchester, to Revd. James McDonald in Wakefield, Yorkshire, thanking him for his letter. Reference is made to the difficulty in obtaining a good Italian dictionary.

Clarke agrees with McDonald that there-are problems associated with the present system of stationing, and he suggests that the stations should be decided by lot.

He expresses disappointment with the "Phil Soc" (Philsophical Society?), and relates how Mr. Wood refused to take the chair after Clarke's removal. He criticises the antinomian tendencies of some of the members.

Clarke refers to his essay on the bravery of soldiers, in which he examines the concepts of heroism and bravery.

He is a member of a flourishing Manchester "PS" (Philosophical Society?), the other members of which include a Swedenborgian Minister, several members of the Methodist New Connexion, and "the Socinian Minister of Mosley Street-a very amiable and sensible man".

He is experiencing some difficulty in his preaching, and wonders if he should give it up, and establish an academy instead-"not to teach hic, haec, hoc", but to train young men for the ministry.


Letter (Sep 1803-Jan 1806)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/10

Scope and Content

Clarke's account with Mr. Baynes, Bookseller of Pater Noster Row, London.


Letter (15 Feb 1805)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/11

Scope and Content

From Manchester, to Robert Carr Brackenbury of Raithby Hall, Lincolnshire, re the death during the last 5 months of 2 out of Clarke's 6 children.

The work in Manchester is proceeding well.


Letter (6 Mar 1805)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/12

Scope and Content

From Manchester, to Francis Wrigley in Malton, Yorkshire, re Clarke's enquiry to Mr. Thompson re an unnamed young woman, who has gone missing.

He encourages Wrigley not to lose his faith, despite his failing health, but to accept it as God's will.

[ Note: Note Pasted on the reverse of this document are engravings of Adam Clarke, and John Barber. ]

Letter (13 Mar 1805)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/13

Scope and Content

From Manchester, to Thomas Exley of Bristol asking that he be kept in daily touch with the progress of his mother's recovery from ill health. A two pound note is enclosed, so that she "may buy herself any trinket she wants".

Clarke is pleased to report that Mr. Rider has joined the Society.

He asks that Exley write down his theory of gravitation, and offers his help in translating any hebrew word or phrase that he may encounter.


Letter (4 Jan 1806)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/14

Scope and Content

From London, to Mr. Francis Wrigley in Malton, Yorkshire, ackowledging receipt of two bills for Mr. Roberts.

Dr. Thomas Coke is in town raising money for the Foreign Missions.


Letter (22 Mar 1806)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/15

Scope and Content

From London, to Revd. John Bradin,. expressing the great love and gratitude that Clarke feels for him, and his hope that Bradin is enjoying better health.

Clarke descibes the honours that he has lately received, including his Doctorate. The government has approached him to take part in an important and "highly confidential" project.

Clarke's wife and children are in good health.

The major works that Clarke has recently completed include the first volume of his "Succession of Sacred Literature from the invention of alphabetical characters… ", and his "Discourse upon the Eucharist".


Letter (19 Jan 1806)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/16

Scope and Content

From London, to Revd. George Marsden in Oldham, Lancashire, describing his efforts to impose proper discipline on the London Church, by measures which include the taking away of class tickets from non-attendees. He counters criticism that his actions have led to falling membership, and loss of revenue.

Clarke and the London preachers have drawn up plans to spread the Gospel throughout the city by renting rooms in several areas, for use by prayer meetings.


Letter (19 Feb 1807)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/17

Scope and Content

From Bristol, to Mary Clarke in London, describing how his poor health had prevented him from continuing his journey to Trowbridge, as he believes that the effects of travelling in such cold weather might prove fatal.

Clarke has met with Messrs. Wood and Stephens, and he intends calling on Mr. Roberts that afternoon.

The state of Kingswood School is giving cause for concern - Mr. Stephens is having to teach naval architecture in the evenings in addition to his duties at Kingswood during the day.


Letter (17 Nov 1807)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/18

Scope and Content

From London, to Robert Wheeler in Witney, Oxfordshire, refusing to speculate about the reason for George Phillips leaving the Connexion.

Clarke recommends books on the study of Hebrew, by Bayley, and Dr. Ashworth, and Hebrew bibles by Van der Hooght, and Simons, and an Hebrew lexicon by Parkhurst. If Wheeler is able to find a copy of Dr. Taylor's Hebrew and English Concordance, then he should purchase it whatever the price.


Letter (16 Mar 1808)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/19

Scope and Content

To John Cayley, Secretary of the Commission on Public Records in Spa Fields, London, reporting the completion of Clarke's essay and plan re the nature, number, and location of government records, as the first step towards the preparation of a supplement to Rymer's Feodora.


Letter (26 Mar 1808)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/20

Scope and Content

From London, to Thomas Roberts in Bristol, describing in great detail the difficulties experienced in writing his report on the Public Records. The report has however been very well received.

Reference is made to the great animosity exising between Clarke and an unnamed fellow Methodist.


Letter (14 Jul 1808)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/2/21

Scope and Content

From Trowbridge, to Mr. Carey in Bristol, enclosing a letter of introduction to Mr. Eastburn of the United States, for use by Carey's son during his visit to that country.


Letter (12 Mar 1810)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/1

Scope and Content

rom Bloomsbury, London, to Revd. David McNicholl in Sheffield, Yorkshire, asking him to refer Mr. Cunder?, to Clarke. Reference is made to the meagre payment made by Cunder to John Edward for certain tasks.

Fray? has passed his examination before the College of Surgeons, and is now waiting to sit his Medical Board.

Reference is made to the marriage of Professor Bentley.


Letter (14 Mar 1810)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/2

Scope and Content

From Bloomsbury, London, to Revd. George Marsden in Bolton, Lancashire, re Clarke's concern about the Bill, which will shortly go before parliament. He feels that the "Bp of L" (Bishop of Lincoln) is behind this move against non-conformity, and he complains that Methodists are not careful enough to avoid offending influential people.

If a persecution does begin, then Clarke will use the contacts that he has made with members of parliament through his work on the Public Records. For this reason he has avoided alienating them by pressing too hard to be released from his commitments, which are proving increasingly burdensome. He has also refused payment from the Commission in his wish to impress them.

Clarke describes in detail his recent work for the Commission on Monastic records, and "state papers of a most curious and delicate complexion". He has also unmasked as a forgery the letter of Vetus de Monte re King Richard I of England, and his work is receiving high praise.

The Bishop of Lincoln is one of the Commissioners, as is Sir William Grant, who recently sat in judgement in the Brighouse Chapel case, brought by the Wesleyans against the Methodist New Connexion.

Clarke asks that the contents of the letter be kept secret.

[ Note: Note Lord Sidmouth, the Home Secretary, introduced a Bill before the House of Lords in May 1811 amending the Toleration Act with regard to Protestant Dissenting Ministers. The Bill would have severely restricted the activities of itinerant preachers, and was finally dropped in the face of opposition, that was largely organised by the Methodist Church. ]

Letter (29 Apr 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/3

Scope and Content

From London, to Revd. George Marsden in Leeds, Yorkshire, re Clarke's meeting with Lord Sidmouth to discuss his proposed amendment to the Toleration Act. Clarke is now convinced that Sidmouth does not have any intention to harm Methodism.

The sensitivity of this information is emphasised.


Letter (6 May 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/4

Scope and Content

From London, to Revd. George Marsden in Leeds, Yorkshire, describing Clarke's second meeting with Lord Sidmouth, re the proposed amendment to the Toleration Act. Clarke was on this occasion accompanied by Dr. Thomas Coke.


Letter (13 May 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/5

Scope and Content

From London, to Revd. George Marsden in Leeds, Yorkshire, re Clarke's remaining objections to the amendment to the Toleration Act, namely the requirements for Methodists to be licenced as dissenting Ministers, and that householders supporting applications for preachers' licences should be "substantial and reputable". He remains however convinced that Sidmouth "is decidedly friendly to the Methodists".

The Committee of Privileges is due to meet the following day, to discuss a plan of action.


Letter (2 Jul 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/6

Scope and Content

From Dublin, to Mary Clarke in London, re the progress of Clarke's travels around Ireland. He describes in detail his experiences of open-air preaching, and the rigours of travelling.


Letter (4 Jul 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/7

Scope and Content

From Dublin, to Revd. Joseph Entwisle in Liverpool, re the Liverpool organ dispute. Reference is made to an earlier case in Bath, Somerset.

Clarke feels that he would never again be able to work in Liverpool unless "the instrument of mischief was removed", and he contrasts this with his approval of the adoption by the Methodists of the Church of England liturgy.


Letter (7 Jul 1811)

Reference GB 133 PLP/25/3/8

Scope and Content

From Dublin, to Revd. George Marsden in Leeds, Yorkshire, giving an account of Clarke's travels around Ireland. He compares the welcome afforded him by several Irish Anglican clergymen, who had allowed him to preach in their churches, with the hostility shown by their English brethren.

He describes in detail the procedure adopted by the Irish Conference for examining the character of the preachers attending the proceedings, and advocates the adoption of a similar plan in England.

He remains certain that Lord. Sidmouth had no intention of harming the Connexion, by his proposed amendment to the Toleration Act, and that the offensive clauses had been inserted by the three Law Lords. Furthermore Sidmouth had informed Clarke during their meeting, that William Wilberforce was the most determined enemy of Methodism, that he had ever encountered.

It is important that the Connexion should press for the repeal of the Conventicle Act.